As we all know, after the issuance of the new national standards, there are strict regulations on the standards of electric vehicles. If lithium batteries are used instead of lead-acid batteries, it must also be considered that the voltage of the lithium batteries must be the same as that of the original lead-acid batteries. In addition, a special lithium charger must be replaced. Can lead-acid batteries for electric vehicles be replaced by lithium batteries? Listen to Chilong New Energy Engineer!
First, the production cost of lithium batteries is high, the production equipment is expensive, the labor cost accounts for about 40% of the production cost, and the price is about three times that of lead-acid batteries. The triple price of lithium batteries brings about low cost performance, fairly smooth feeling, and it is difficult to recycle lithium batteries, and the utilization rate is not high. Due to the small size of lithium batteries, multiple lithium batteries are connected in series during the assembly process, which may lead to the disconnection or welding of a solder joint during transportation and use, which is a common problem in the connection of lithium batteries.
Secondly, the high current discharge characteristic of lithium ion power supply itself is short plate. Considering the frequent start-up of congested roads, the battery life will be greatly shortened. Lithium batteries have potential safety hazards of fire and explosion. Nobody wants to buy a “time bomb” and put it under his body. Especially when consumers do not know the fact that they have purchased some inferior lithium batteries online, the sealing condition of electric vehicles is not very good, and it is easy to cause unsafe contact due to dampness and other reasons. Some people may say that lithium battery technology is developing very fast, there will be no such problem, but no one can guarantee that this problem will not happen.
Thirdly, compared with lead-acid batteries, lithium batteries have the same weight and volume. The capacity of lithium batteries is generally about three times that of lead-acid batteries. However, for electric vehicles as alternative tools, the effect is actually limited, because many lead-acid batteries also greatly improve their endurance, which reduces the gap between lithium batteries and lead-acid batteries.
4. If lithium batteries are used instead of lead-acid batteries, it must also be considered that the voltage of lithium batteries must be the same as that of original lead-acid batteries. In addition, a special lithium charger must be replaced. Of course, there is another problem. If the lithium battery is improperly installed or has quality problems, the controller may burn out, which is one of the reasons why the installation is not recommended.
Fifth, coupled with the promulgation of the new national standards, speed limits of 25 km/h and other provisions, consumers will not be too harsh on the pursuit of electric vehicles, so that consumers spend several times the money to pay, I believe that not many people will be willing. The price of lithium batteries is several times higher than that of lead-acid batteries, reflecting the low price ratio of lithium batteries, which does not meet the standard for ordinary users to choose electric vehicles. Although lithium batteries have the characteristics of light weight, long life and long service life, the effect is not obvious in actual operation. To replace lead-acid batteries with lithium batteries, we must also consider the size of the battery bunker. Generally speaking, lead-acid batteries are larger and lithium batteries are smaller. If you want to replace them, you must take this into account. If the gap after installation is too large, it is easy to cause small shaking inside the battery and reduce its life.
6. Lithium batteries are more stable than lead-acid batteries. If they are exposed to water or improperly treated, they can easily explode. Therefore, this is an important reason why I do not recommend replacing lead-acid batteries with lithium batteries. Another point to note is that lithium batteries are multi-piece structure, as long as there are problems, it will affect the overall quality.
In short, lithium batteries are not conducive to their promotion, regardless of safety or cost. As far as current technology is concerned, lead-acid batteries are still the main ones. Want to replace lead-acid electric cars with lithium batteries? In addition to safety, when implementing the new national standards, modifications may be defined as vehicles exceeding the standards. If you are really interested in lithium batteries, it is recommended to buy lithium trams that meet national standards.