- 12 volt lithium battery pack
- Charge Lithium batteries
- Custom Lithium ion battery pack
- lithium iron phosphate battery
As we all know, after the issuance of the new national standards, there are strict regulations on the standards of electric vehicles. If lithium batteries are used instead of lead-acid batteries, it must also be considered that the voltage of the lithium batteries must be the same as that of the original lead-acid batteries. In addition, a special lithium charger must be replaced. Can lead-acid batteries for electric vehicles be replaced by lithium batteries? Listen to Chilong New Energy Engineer!
First, the production cost of lithium batteries is high, the production equipment is expensive, the labor cost accounts for about 40% of the production cost, and the price is about three times that of lead-acid batteries. The triple price of lithium batteries brings about low cost performance, fairly smooth feeling, and it is difficult to recycle lithium batteries, and the utilization rate is not high. Due to the small size of lithium batteries, multiple lithium batteries are connected in series during the assembly process, which may lead to the disconnection or welding of a solder joint during transportation and use, which is a common problem in the connection of lithium batteries.
Secondly, the high current discharge characteristic of lithium ion power supply itself is short plate. Considering the frequent start-up of congested roads, the battery life will be greatly shortened. Lithium batteries have potential safety hazards of fire and explosion. Nobody wants to buy a “time bomb” and put it under his body. Especially when consumers do not know the fact that they have purchased some inferior lithium batteries online, the sealing condition of electric vehicles is not very good, and it is easy to cause unsafe contact due to dampness and other reasons. Some people may say that lithium battery technology is developing very fast, there will be no such problem, but no one can guarantee that this problem will not happen.
Thirdly, compared with lead-acid batteries, lithium batteries have the same weight and volume. The capacity of lithium batteries is generally about three times that of lead-acid batteries. However, for electric vehicles as alternative tools, the effect is actually limited, because many lead-acid batteries also greatly improve their endurance, which reduces the gap between lithium batteries and lead-acid batteries.
4. If lithium batteries are used instead of lead-acid batteries, it must also be considered that the voltage of lithium batteries must be the same as that of original lead-acid batteries. In addition, a special lithium charger must be replaced. Of course, there is another problem. If the lithium battery is improperly installed or has quality problems, the controller may burn out, which is one of the reasons why the installation is not recommended.
Fifth, coupled with the promulgation of the new national standards, speed limits of 25 km/h and other provisions, consumers will not be too harsh on the pursuit of electric vehicles, so that consumers spend several times the money to pay, I believe that not many people will be willing. The price of lithium batteries is several times higher than that of lead-acid batteries, reflecting the low price ratio of lithium batteries, which does not meet the standard for ordinary users to choose electric vehicles. Although lithium batteries have the characteristics of light weight, long life and long service life, the effect is not obvious in actual operation. To replace lead-acid batteries with lithium batteries, we must also consider the size of the battery bunker. Generally speaking, lead-acid batteries are larger and lithium batteries are smaller. If you want to replace them, you must take this into account. If the gap after installation is too large, it is easy to cause small shaking inside the battery and reduce its life.
6. Lithium batteries are more stable than lead-acid batteries. If they are exposed to water or improperly treated, they can easily explode. Therefore, this is an important reason why I do not recommend replacing lead-acid batteries with lithium batteries. Another point to note is that lithium batteries are multi-piece structure, as long as there are problems, it will affect the overall quality.
In short, lithium batteries are not conducive to their promotion, regardless of safety or cost. As far as current technology is concerned, lead-acid batteries are still the main ones. Want to replace lead-acid electric cars with lithium batteries? In addition to safety, when implementing the new national standards, modifications may be defined as vehicles exceeding the standards. If you are really interested in lithium batteries, it is recommended to buy lithium trams that meet national standards.
The difference between power batteries and energy storage batteries
The internal resistance of battery power battery with the same capacity is less than that of energy storage battery.
The internal resistance of battery power battery with the same capacity is less than that of energy storage battery.
Power batteries are generally used in devices requiring high current discharge (3C-5C), and energy storage batteries are used in devices requiring low current discharge (generally 0.5-1C range).
Batteries of the same capacity will weigh heavier than energy storage batteries (different design processes).
Different prices. The price of power batteries will be more than 1.5 times higher than that of energy storage (according to the different requirements of customers) power batteries and energy storage batteries are defined broadly, which kind do you refer to from the application point of view? Energy storage batteries generally have low current and belong to energy type. Power batteries generally need to discharge 3C. The discharge capacity, discharge curve and platforms can be compared by 3C discharge or 1.5C discharge. The price is expected to be 1.2 times higher than that of the latter for the same specifications.
About NCM ternary lithium battery
Most of the ternary materials are NCM. In general, the term “ternary lithium battery” refers to NCM. The representative manufacturers of NCM abroad are SDI and SKI. Tesla uses NCA18650, which has relatively strong stability and cyclic performance. However, in the manufacturing process, because Al is amphoteric metal, it is not easy to precipitate, so there is a threshold in the process. Because the content of aluminium in NCA is too small, it is often called binary material.
The NCM product model of ternary materials ranges from 111 ternary (N:C:M=1:1:1) to 433,532,622,811. With the increase of nickel content, the energy density of the battery was increased accordingly.
Lithium batteries refer to a wide range of large categories, all used in lithium materials can be called lithium batteries. According to the scientific name, we usually say that lithium batteries should be called lithium ion batteries/lithium secondary batteries, with corresponding negative electrode materials.
The cathode materials of lithium ion batteries are mainly LiCoO 2, LiMnO 4, LiCox NiyMnzO 2, ternary materials and LiFePO4. The cathode uses ternary materials called ternary lithium batteries.
The main advantage of ternary lithium battery is that its energy density is higher than that of other materials.
The cathode materials of ternary lithium batteries are divided into NCA nickel cobalt aluminium and NCM nickel cobalt manganese.
Coremax will do the following things before assembling the pack:
- Select capacity, same capacities cells for one pack
- Measure the voltage, same voltage cells for one pack(difference is under 0.02v per cell)
- Check and Measure the internal resistance, same IR cells for one pack (difference is under 1m Ohm)
All above steps are very strict to make sure the pack performance is perfect.
What is a lithium iron phosphate battery?
lithium iron phosphate battery is also a rechargeable type of battery but made with lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) as the cathode material.
While lithium-iron is a newer version in the lithium battery family, its anodes are also made up of carbon in batteries.
Phosphate based technology possesses superior thermal and chemical stability which provides better safety characteristics than those of Lithium-ion technology made with other cathode materials. Lithium phosphate cells are incombustible in the event of mishandling during charge or discharge, they are more stable under overcharge or short circuit conditions and they can withstand high temperatures without decomposing. When abuse does occur, the phosphate based cathode material will not burn and is not prone to thermal runaway. Phosphate chemistry also offers a longer cycle life.
lithium iron phosphate battery
The lithium-iron (LiFePo4) battery has a slight edge over the Li-ion (LiCoO2) battery for safety. This is important because a battery should not get overheated or catch fire in case of overcharging.
The lithium-iron battery has superior chemical and thermal stability. A Lithium-iron battery remains cool at room temperature while the Li-ion may suffer thermal runaway and heats up faster under similar charging conditions.
LiFePO4 is a nontoxic material, but LiCoO2 is hazardous in nature, so is not considered a safe material. Disposal of Li-ion battery is a big concern for the manufacturer and user. .
Make a 12 volt rechargeable lithium battery pack
Rechargeable lithium batteries produce 3.7 or 3.2 volts, depending on the type of battery and the chemicals it uses. To make batteries with higher voltages, manufacturers link identical batteries in a series circuit. In this way the voltages of the individual batteries are added together, so three 3.7-volt battery cells become one 12-volt battery (3.7x 3 = 11.1 volt). You can use the same electrical technique to create your own battery packs at home. Doing so requires basic math and no electronic skills.
Select the type of batteries from which to create a 12 volt rechargeable lithium battery pack. You might consider their size, shape or amp/hour capacity to be important, or you may just choose the batteries readily available where you live. It is important to use identical batteries in your pack. They must all have the same voltage and current characteristics.
Calculate how many batteries you need by dividing 12 by the voltage of the batteries.
Link together the batteries, connecting the positive terminal of the first battery to the negative terminal of the second. Link all the batteries in the same way, always joining opposite polarity terminals. You can stack cylindrical batteries, such as the A, C and D series batteries, on top of each other in a plastic or cardboard tube, or wrap them together in sticking tape. When using larger batteries with spring terminals, such as rectangular 6-volt batteries, join them with short lengths of wire.
Run a wire from the unused terminals at each end of the line of batteries. The voltage between the two wires is 12 volts.
If you want DIY for fan, Welcome to discuss and get help from Coremax Technical team. If you are looking for a professional 12 volt rechargeable lithium battery pack, please send business inquiry to Coremax. We are glad to offer all in one solution for you.
First check what kind of lithium battery you have. There are major 2 type of lithium battery in the market. 3.7v cell and 3.2v cell. And find out the full charge voltage. If the cell is 3.7v. Nomally full charge voltage is 12.6v( 3S lithium ion battery. when fully charged, each cell 4.2 volt). While if it is 3.2v cell. When it fully charged, the voltage is 3.65 volt. 12 volt lithium battery pack fully charged is 14.6 volt.( 4S 3.2 v cell). Make sure your charger voltage is compatable with the 12v lithium battery.
Please note that not all Li-ion batteries charge to the voltage threshold of 4.20V/cell. Lithium iron phosphate typically charges to the cut-off voltage of 3.65V/cell and lithium-titanate to 2.85V/cell. Some Energy Cells may accept 4.30V/cell and higher. It is important to observe these voltage limits.
Important to Lithium battery chargers
Lithium cells (18650, lipos, LiFePo4 etc.) which require the charging cycle CC-CV (constant current, constant voltage). The battery system may work for other types for batteries as well, as long as they wants to be charged with CCCV.
CC-CV varies the voltage to constantly deliver the current set by you. When the voltage reaches the battery’s maximum charge voltage, the current is gradually decreased so that the voltage does not exceed the set value.
3.2v LiFePo4 cells
3.7v Lithium ion cells
Lithium battery Charger guide List
|Nominal Voltage||Battery type||series||Charging voltage|
|12v||3.7v lithium ion||3||12.6v|
|24v||3.7v lithium ion||7||29.4v|
|36v||3.7v lithium ion||10||42v|
|3.7v lithium ion||11||46.2v|
|48v||3.7v lithium ion||13||54.6v|
|3.7v lithium ion||14||58.8v|
|60v||3.7v lithium ion||17||71.4v|
|72v||3.7v lithium ion||20||84v|