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FAQ2019-11-26T19:05:08+00:00
How do you charge a lithium ion battery with a solar panel?2021-09-23T10:32:37+00:00

How do you charge a lithium ion battery with a solar panel?

Please do not charge any li-ion batteries directly with solar panels. By charging a lithium ion battery with solar panels. You need a regulater or MPPT. You may also charge the battery system directly from a Hybrid inverter. Thanks for the technology and manufactures in China. We have alot more choice for hybrid inverters in the market. Price are also different.

What are the benefits of a lithium ion home battery?2021-09-23T10:26:47+00:00

What are the benefits of a lithium ion home battery?

Lifepo4 Li-ion batteries are able to be recharged Thousands of times and are more stable. They tend to have a higher energy density, voltage capacity and lower self-discharge rate than other rechargeable batteries. This makes for better power efficiency as a single cell has longer charge retention than other battery types.

cell layerout
Can lithium-ion battery be used for inverter?2021-09-23T10:24:57+00:00

Can lithium-ion battery be used for inverter?

Yes. A lithium ion battery can be charged by Grid AC power or power from solar panels. Simply with a MPPT. Now, the most popular hybrid inverters inlcuded the MPPT functions. We only need the hybrid inverter. And CMX battery system can be wiring connection with the inverter directly. Easy to use it with any brand. CMX Li-Ion battery offers a faster charging speed, longer life and up to 15% more efficiency than lead acid battery. As CMX apply with LiFePo4 battery cells, so, it is safe for home use as it is devoid of any open wires and connectors.

How many batteries do I need to run a 5000w inverter?2021-03-31T16:28:37+00:00

How many batteries do I need to run a 5000w inverter?

To power a 5000W inverter, you have to consider more than just the number of batteries. The battery capacity, the inverter voltage input and how long you need to use the inverter are important. Large inverters are used as emergency power backup, so determine how many hours the system will run. The formula is hours needed x watts = total watts / volts = battery amps.

A 5000W inverter requires at least one 450-500ah 12V battery or two 210ah 12V batteries to run for 30-45 minutes. A 750ah 12V battery is needed to run the inverter for 1 hour. A 2500ah battery is required for a 4 hour discharge time. You have to double the capacity for each if you don’t want to discharge the battery at 100%.

Batteries For Inverter Calculation

To illustrate further, suppose you bought a 5000W inverter with a 12V input. If you use the inverter’s full capacity, that is 416 amps an hour. (5000W / 12V = 416). Theoretically a 450-500ah battery can run the system for an hour. But inverters are not perfect and some energy is lost, so more likely it is 30-45 minutes. Of course the figure will be different if you have a 24V, 36V or 48V battery.

48v battery energy storage system

However that figure supposes you will run the battery down to zero, or a 100% discharge. We have stated in other posts on this site that lead acid batteries should be recharged at 50%. So you need at least a 750ah-800A battery to run the inverter for 30-45 minutes without totally depleting the battery.

No matter what the voltage is, the ah rating in series configured batteries will always be that of the smallest battery in the setup. Multiple batteries increases voltage so the power supplied (in watts) increases.

With four 210ah 48V batteries, the inverter receives 104ah hourly. With a full discharge the inverter can run at maximum load for two hours or 10kwh (10,000W). Bottom line: no matter what the battery bank voltage, it must provide 5000W for every hour you want the inverter to operate.

Battery Size For Inverter Chart

This chart shows how much power is required for different types of inverters. This table assumes you’ll be using the battery to full capacity. Double the capacity for each column if you’re going to recharge the battery at 50%. The optimum capacity is for a four hour discharge, and the minimum is for one hour.

Inverter Output in Watts Optimum Capacity Minimum Capacity
500 200AH 80AH
1000 400AH 150AH
1500 700AH 240AH
2000 1000AH 300AH
3000 1500AH 450AH
4000 2000AH 600AH
5000 2500AH 750AH

Again, the DOD (depth of discharge) here is close to 100%. You can do that with lithium batteries but for lead acid the DOD is at 50%. These inverter and battery sizes are common for solar powered homes. They are less frequent in RVs except for the really large ones. Make sure the capacity is suitable for your camper before buying.

How To Find The Right Battery Inverter Size

The calculations above are useful if you want a general idea of how much power you need. But if you want to be more specific, follow these steps.

1. Add Your Total Load Requirements

5000W is a lot of power but do you really need that inverter size? The best way to find out is to add up the total watt usage of all your loads. Include every appliance and device you plan to run on the inverter. Do note that refrigerators and air conditioners have surge requirements so a large system is definitely required.100ah lithium iron phosphate battery

2. Check The Inverter Input Voltage

A lot of inverters have 12V or 24V input, but 36V, 48V and even 96V and others are not uncommon. Make sure your battery matches the input. The battery doesn’t have to be a specific match as long as the total is the same. Example, a 48V inverter will work with a 12V battery if you have four hooked up (12 x 4 = 48).

3. Determine How Many Hours You Need To Run The Inverter

This is crucial. How long do you plan to run the inverter? Is it for a couple of hours? 5 hours? 12 hours or more? This tells you how many watt hours you need and how much the battery capacity has to be.

Suppose your 5000W, 48V inverter needs to run for 6 hours. If the power load factor is 0.8 then the volt amperes (VA) is 130 amperes. Your battery must be able to provide minimum 130 amperes. 48V 130 ampere batteries are uncommon so you may opt for a 200 amperes instead.

4. Calculate Battery Storage Capacity

Battery capacity is measured in amp hours (ah). With our example here you need four 200ah-220ah batteries. That should be sufficient to run a 5000W inverter for 8 hours more or less.

These steps are best suited for homes that need a large power backup. For RVs, the needs are usually smaller and the calculations more straightforward.

Calculate Battery Size For Inverter For RVs

12v lithium rv battery

For RVs it is much simpler. Add the total watt consumption of every device you will run and divide it by 12. 12 is for the voltage which most RVs use. If the total is near 5000W then a you need a 460ah-500ah battery. If not, a smaller inverter will do.

Most RVers have a solar generator to power their devices. If you have a solar panel installed you probably don’t need such a large inverter. While a solar generator can power a refrigerator, most RVers use a mini fridge to save power.

You will need more than 5000W if you decide to run an AC though. Powering an air conditioner for 10 hours is about 7000W. You need a 640ah battery minimum. At a 50% depth of discharge that is almost 1300ah or thirteen 100ah batteries This is why you rarely see RVers use solar power for refrigerators or AC units unless it is a compact version. They just consume too much power that could otherwise be used for other appliances.

Battery Overhead And Discharge Rate

Technically , 416 amps is sufficient for 5000W, but add another 50W for overhead so it’s 460. So 460ah or better yet 500ah will operate an inverter without any problems. A faster discharge rate erodes the battery bank’s life cycle. A slower discharge rate does the opposite.

A 460ah battery bank keeps the inverter running for 30 minutes at a full 5000W. Lowering the inverter load prolongs the battery life. Reduce the load from 5000W to 3000W and the battery will last an hour or so. You can do this with any inverter, but do so only if it’s practical. If you calculated your total load requirement and realized you don’t need to use that many, load reduction will help the battery.

charge and discharge

Should Inverter Batteries Be In A Series Or Parallel Connection?

It depends on the inverter. Check your inverter installation guide and it will tell you whether to configure the batteries in series or parallel. Both connections have the same purpose, increase power that goes in the inverter. Whether it is series or parallel, the input power will be similar. Current x voltage = input power. A series or parallel configuration will not change that.

However, connecting batteries in a series has some advantages. You can use smaller wires, reducing energy loss. A parallel connection means each battery has a unique internal resistance. The long and short of it is this leads to unequal power distribution in the system.

However there are cases where a parallel setup may be better. You can find more information in your inverter’s installation manual. You may also find relevant information in your battery’s product guide.

Other Points To Consider

These are large numbers so you need to plan ahead before committing to buy. To recap here are the biggest points you should bear in mind.

  • The inverter capacity
  • The inverter DC input voltage
  • The load you will supply to the inverter
  • Most 5000W inverters have a 24V or 48V input. You can buy 48V batteries or any battery volt as long as the total is 48.
  • Do not let lead acid battery discharges drop below 50%. When calculating battery sizes for inverters, assume that you will use only 50% of the battery capacity.
  • The battery capacity determines how long the inverter can run. This is important if you will use the inverter as a backup power system.
  • A tubular battery is better suited for an inverter than flat plate batteries.

Conclusion

The inverter is one of the most important parts of a solar system. If it is too small the system will not run. If it is too big the batteries will not be optimized. By knowing how many batteries are needed, and the right specs, you’ll have no issues running solar power to the maximum potential.

How long does a lithium iron phosphate battery last?2020-11-18T17:02:14+00:00

How long does a lithium iron phosphate battery last?

Different from any other Lithium ion batteries. Lithium Iron Phosphate battery with less active chemical. A regular Lithium iron phosphate battery will last up to 3000 cycles at 80% DOD. The average lifetime of lead-acid batteries is just two years. When make a battery pack. The battery life should get a 90% discount.
Difference between Power Battery and Energy Storage Battery2019-12-30T14:20:45+00:00

The difference between power batteries and energy storage batteries

The internal resistance of battery power battery with the same capacity is less than that of energy storage battery.

The internal resistance of battery power battery with the same capacity is less than that of energy storage battery.

Power batteries are generally used in devices requiring high current discharge (3C-5C), and energy storage batteries are used in devices requiring low current discharge (generally 0.5-1C range).

Batteries of the same capacity will weigh heavier than energy storage batteries (different design processes).

DLG 18650 3200mah 3.7 volt
charge 1500mah LFP cell 18650

Different prices. The price of power batteries will be more than 1.5 times higher than that of energy storage (according to the different requirements of customers) power batteries and energy storage batteries are defined broadly, which kind do you refer to from the application point of view? Energy storage batteries generally have low current and belong to energy type. Power batteries generally need to discharge 3C. The discharge capacity, discharge curve and platforms can be compared by 3C discharge or 1.5C discharge. The price is expected to be 1.2 times higher than that of the latter for the same specifications.

lifepo4 applications
What is Ternary NCM Lithium Battery2021-02-09T13:01:08+00:00

About NCM ternary lithium battery

Most of the ternary materials are NCM. In general, the term “ternary lithium battery” refers to NCM. The representative manufacturers of NCM abroad are SDI and SKI. Tesla uses NCA18650, which has relatively strong stability and cyclic performance. However, in the manufacturing process, because Al is amphoteric metal, it is not easy to precipitate, so there is a threshold in the process. Because the content of aluminium in NCA is too small, it is often called binary material.

The NCM product model of ternary materials ranges from 111 ternary (N:C:M=1:1:1) to 433,532,622,811. With the increase of nickel content, the energy density of the battery was increased accordingly.

lithium polymer battery inside

Lithium batteries refer to a wide range of large categories, all used in lithium materials can be called lithium batteries. According to the scientific name, we usually say that lithium batteries should be called lithium ion batteries/lithium secondary batteries, with corresponding negative electrode materials.

The cathode materials of lithium ion batteries are mainly LiCoO 2, LiMnO 4, LiCox NiyMnzO 2, ternary materials and LiFePO4. The cathode uses ternary materials called ternary lithium batteries.

The main advantage of ternary lithium battery is that its energy density is higher than that of other materials.

The cathode materials of ternary lithium batteries are divided into NCA nickel cobalt aluminium and NCM nickel cobalt manganese.

lipo battery structure
what is lithium iron phosphate battery2019-11-22T14:33:55+00:00

What is a lithium iron phosphate battery?

lithium iron phosphate battery is also a rechargeable type of battery but made with lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) as the cathode material.

While lithium-iron is a newer version in the lithium battery family, its anodes are also made up of carbon in batteries.

Phosphate based technology possesses superior thermal and chemical stability which provides better safety characteristics than those of Lithium-ion technology made with other cathode materials. Lithium phosphate cells are incombustible in the event of mishandling during charge or discharge, they are more stable under overcharge or short circuit conditions and they can withstand high temperatures without decomposing. When abuse does occur, the phosphate based cathode material will not burn and is not prone to thermal runaway. Phosphate chemistry also offers a longer cycle life.

byd lithium iron phosphate battery

lithium iron phosphate battery

The lithium-iron (LiFePo4) battery has a slight edge over the Li-ion (LiCoO2) battery for safety. This is important because a battery should not get overheated or catch fire in case of overcharging.

The lithium-iron battery has superior chemical and thermal stability. A Lithium-iron battery remains cool at room temperature while the Li-ion may suffer thermal runaway and heats up faster under similar charging conditions.

LiFePO4 is a nontoxic material, but LiCoO2 is hazardous in nature, so is not considered a safe material. Disposal of Li-ion battery is a big concern for the manufacturer and user. .

100ah lithium iron phosphate battery
How to Custom make lithium-ion polymer LiPo Battery Pack2021-01-15T08:54:10+00:00

Custom make lithium-ion polymer LiPo Battery Pack

If you are looking for how to make custom LiPo battery packs, here is the right page for you to understand the necessary process. Lithium polymer (lipo for short) battery packs has become so popular because the cells are cheaper compared to others. It is much more flexible to adapt with different applications in terms of dimensions and discharge characteristic. From the tiny size Bluetooth earphone to large scale energy storage systems. Lithium polymer battery could be a great choice anyway.

Building a lithium-ion Polymer pack is quite easy as long as you know what you are doing. You have to connect all the batteries in series.

4 Steps to prepare

  • Lithium ion or lipo Cells (You can also use LiFeP04). You can either buy the cells or recover them from old devices such as any laptops, MacBook’s. Besides, you can use as little as one cell, but that doesn’t need much set up. Using more cells gets you more capacitance.

  • Main Power connector– If you are setting a high-power usage pack, then it is important to use maximum rated power connecters. Otherwise, you can use normal connectors like the XT-60 or flying a copter. Besides, you will also need a balancer cable, make sure it’s compatible with your charger.

  • Silicon wire to use with the main power cable– Choose a suitable wire thickness depending on your maximum power draw. Silicon wires are the best because they are safe, very flexible, and they do not overheat. Please do not use low-quality wires such as speaker cables because they might start a fire. Also, make sure to have a tape that to isolate stuff

  • Shrinkwrap– You will need both a small and a big one. Furthermore, you need to make sure that the shrink wrap can fit over your main power cable. Besides, you need to make sure that you have another piece that fits the entire pack. It helps in adding a bit of protection and keeping your cells together.

Can you build your own LiPo battery pack?

Yes, you can build your own LiPo battery pack using old or new cells. You need to have the right tools to do so. Furthermore, you can even use old cells from devices such as laptops, drones, and cameras. However, you should note that lipo cells are very dangerous, especially when shortened. Also, overheating, bending, or them might release poisonous particles or even cause a fire.

Always be careful as you carry yourself around the lithium polymer battery cells at all the time. You are going to need the following tools to build your lipo pack.

How do you make your own li polymer battery pack?

Making your own lithium polymer battery is easy, provided you have the tools mentioned earlier. After confirming that you have all the tools now, you can then you can follow the following simple steps.

  • Step 1; check your cells– If you bought them from the store, you could skip this step. However, if you salvaged yours from old equipment, then you need to confirm if they are still working. Furthermore, you also need to trace the plus and the minus.

    A multi-meter will help you measure all that. If your old cells are way below minimum charge, then you have to charge them using an external source. However, note that you will not be guaranteed to get the original capacity back, and it’s also dangerous.

  • Step 2; Design– Next, you to decide about the design of your pack to cut cables. All your connections need to be between minus to plus serials. Also, the main serial power needs to be connected from the endpoints and the balancer port to every bridge. Next is deciding where your cables and connections can exit. Lastly, make sure your cables are ready for soldering.

  • Step3; Main power connector setup– You need to solder all the power wires to the connector while checking for correct polarity. If you have thicker wires, make sure that you have something to hold the connectors. Also, it’s important to check whether the wires have soldered well at this step.

  • Step 4; Add bridges, power connector, and the balancer port– Carefully integrate bridges to your pack one after the other. Isolate them using tapes to avoid accidents. Next, you can add the main power connector. Now you can connect it to the balancer carefully so as not to lose bridges. Lastly, you can close up your battery pack, label it, and also shrink wrap to your satisfactory.

How do LiPo battery pack work?

Lithium Polymer batteries popularly referred to as LiPo is now gaining massive popularity. Now everyone that needs high and long-run power wants to use lithium Polymer. But do they understand how it works? Very few people do. As long as you follow instructions and treat them well, they will serve you for a long time.

The main benefits for lipo batteries are; Light, higher capacity, and discharge rates. Since nothing is perfect, they have some drawbacks as well. For example, they have a much shorter lifespan and also need a lot of care and attention. Many, lithium polymer batteries contain a plastic pouch known as a pouch cell. They are very efficient for building multi-celled packs.

Pouch cells hold all the cells firmly without leaving any airspaces like in the round packed battery cells. Besides, the pouch cell is lighter compared to metal cans hence making them the most preferred for aircraft applications. By contrast, lithium-ion cells are heavier by 20% more than regular lipo pouch cells.

LiPo pouch cells allow more gassing and thermal expansion due to its flexible pouch casing. Furthermore, inside when you open the cell, you will find a polymer, which is a thin plastic microporous film. It is located within the copper anode, cathode electrodes, and lithium coat aluminum. However, they are all laminated, alternating each other from the back and the front side of the polymer separator film.

The long film, which sometimes can be over seven feet long, is folded in an alternating cathode/anode stacking. Also, a thin continuous layer of polymer separator is inserted to separate them. If you lipo cell leaks at any given time, please do not use it. The pouch is pressed under some pressure before the final heating and sealing. That helps to remove the air that is remaining inside before its ready to be used.

To further understand how to calculator a 18650 battery Pack

  • For the series connection, batteries with same(almost) voltage and capacity are connected to raise the voltage of final battery packs. The positive terminal of the first battery is connected to the negative terminal of a second battery and so on until the desired voltage is reached. The final voltage is the amount of all battery voltages added together while the final capacity(Ah) remains unchanged.
  • While for parallel connection, batteries with same(almost) voltages and capacities are connected together to increase the capacity of the overall battery pack. The positive terminals of all batteries are connected together, or to a common conductor, and all negative terminals are connected in the same kinds. The final voltage remains unchanged whilst the capacity of the assembly is the sum of all individual cells together for such parallel design.
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how long it takes to charge a car battery at 50 amps2020-12-18T08:33:30+00:00

How long it will take for me to charge a car battery at 50 amps.

This a friend asked before. And later there are some other customer ask for some similar question like: How long to charge a car battery at 40 amps. Of cause, there will be some more ask 30amps or 60amps.

Here Let me simply anwser this question here.

When we talke about car battery. It is normally a lead acid battery inside of the car. And a normal one is about 70amp hour or 60ah. Let’s say, if the battery can take as much as 50 amps current. Based on the calculation, we understand, it will be fully charged by 1 hour more.  But from acture operation, this could be much more then 1 hour. Or maybe 2 hours. We know the battery start charge will accept the peak current. later, when the battery voltage goes up, the charging current will slow down. We call it floating charge. During floating charge, you will not possible to load the large current. That’s why it will takes much longer based on your battery.

Learn how to charge the battery

lifepo4 for ev

This is a sad question when people ask.

When you try to charge your car battery. Means your car battery is almost dead. If you have time to learn how long it takes to charge the battery at some current( 40 or 50 amps.). why not just think how to find a new one for replace. Or maybe you will stuck on the road most probebely , and you don’t know when that’s will comes to you.

Think about a LiFePo4 battery to replace the lead acid car battery?

Let’s check if CMX can provide such a battery or not?

How To Tell If A Deep Cycle lithium ion Battery Is Bad2020-12-18T05:52:32+00:00

How To Tell If A Deep Cycle lithium ion Battery Is Bad

Deep cycle lithium-ion batteries are normally serving for marine, Recreational Vehicle (RV), solar energy power, and similar applications. These battery packs normally made by 18650 cells or some other lithium prismatic cells. They are different from your lead acid car starting batteries. Analyzing cells inside a battery pack takes a sophisticated set of measurements against certain exact parameters. To know the battery state and make sure it working in good conditions. You should know how to determine if it is bad or not. Here are some basic points you can check if the battery bad or still possible to serving.

Find out Factory Datasheet:

Check out what kind of lithium battery it is and try to find manufacturer specs datasheet. And find out what exactly the battery should behave about voltage limits, current, internal resistance etc.

Check if cell characteristic Meet

Use proper tools like multimeter, try to measure voltage, resistance and performance. Compare these values with manufacturer datasheet specifications. Match it? Or it is far away? Simple as that.

  • Specifications Meet: If you measuring match more or less what manufacturer saying, it should be ok.
  • Not meet the specifications – well, probably it is safer to discard such battery. No worth for risk fire or anything such.

In case if manufacturer data are not available, then try to find out what kind of lithium battery (cell) it is and upon that measure it. There are

battery pack are not charged

many different types:

Most common lithium rechargeable batteries are

  • li-ion with nominal voltage 3.6V or 3.7 volt Most of them 18650, 26650 and some prismatic lithium NCM batteries.
  • lifepo4 with 3.2V. Same as above. Mostly are large lithium cells
  • LTO with 2.4V

The easier way how to find whether lithium battery is bad or not

charge 1500mah LFP cell 18650

Try to charge it to full SoC (near 100%) and then measure voltage drop when discharge.

Example: 18650 battery cells with rated capacity 2600mAh have nominal voltage 3.6V, full charge 4.2V and cut-off discharge limit 2.75V. Charge to somewhere around 4.1–4.2V and then start discharge with 1A current. In that moment measure voltage drop. It should not go below 4V at all. If it going much below, like 3.9, 3.8 or lower, the cell is very old and ready to bin.

Check Cell Temp

Also, if such cell (as mentioned above) heating too much when charging/discharging by 1A, it is again not safe to use it anymore and better to discard it.

Voltage Drops rate

Self-discharge speed can tell you, whether cell is good or bad. Charge it fully and place somewhere safely. Read voltage after few hours. note it. After one month (or even two), measure voltage again. Should not be different from first measure more than 10% of total value. If it’s more, cell is poor/bad.

battery safty

Caution:

This is not for the novice as there can be fire involved if you do test wrong. As a cursory test leave the battery or cell in the device it was designed for and run the device. If it does not run full speed or at all put the charger that was designed for that device on and wait the appropriate amount of time. All the engineering needed to safely cycle that battery or cell is in the charger and in the device that used that cell or battery. A voltage check is good for a quick screen but voltage alone does not give enough information. Testing under a load can again create fire so don’t just start adding load randomly. Our system does not require the user have anything to do with battery anything. Every part of energy delivery is hands-off automatic so the user does not need to know what charging method or voltage or current to memorize. They just drive with unlimited miles on a monthly subscription. All battery failures or maintenance is hidden completely and super accurate to keep everyone moving. End of life is contained by us so you do not need to replace anything or test for failures. We recycle every metal inside those cells where some on this question mention throwing them away which is unwise in the bigger picture. If the cell is pouched out it is BAD. If the terminal wire is burned in two in a large pack that cell is bad. That burned link is a fuse and was burned in two on purpose. The cell below it is bad. Do not try to solder over the open circuit link.

How long does a lithium iron phosphate battery last?2020-11-18T17:02:14+00:00

How long does a lithium iron phosphate battery last?

Different from any other Lithium ion batteries. Lithium Iron Phosphate battery with less active chemical. A regular Lithium iron phosphate battery will last up to 3000 cycles at 80% DOD. The average lifetime of lead-acid batteries is just two years. When make a battery pack. The battery life should get a 90% discount.
Key things make sure the safety of lithium ion battery2020-03-24T13:57:11+00:00
battery safty
lithium battery safty

Diaphragm 135 degrees C automatic shutdown protection, using the international advanced Celgars2300PE-PP-PE three-layer composite Membrane. In the case of the battery heating up to 120 degrees C, the membrane holes on both sides of the PE composite film are closed and the intra-battery resistance increases
large, the battery internal heating slows down. When the battery heats up to 135 degrees C, the PP membrane hole is closed and the inside of the battery is broken. The battery no longer heats up to ensure that the battery is safe and reliable.

Add an additive to the electrolyte under the condition that the battery voltage is higher than 4.2V
Agent and other substances in the electrolyte polymerization, the intra-battery resistance increased significantly, the battery internal formation of a large area of broken,
The battery no longer heats up.

Battery cover composite structure Battery cover using nick explosion-proof ball structure, battery heating, battery internal activation process
The resulting part of the gas expansion, the battery pressure increased, the pressure reached a certain degree of nick rupture, release.

Various environmental abuse tests conducted abuse experiments, such as external short circuits, overfilling, needles, shocks, incineration
and so on, to examine the safety performance of the battery. At the same time, the temperature shock experiment and vibration, drop, shock and other forces of the battery
to examine the performance of the battery in the actual use of the environment.

What are the possible reasons why the battery and battery pack are not charged?2020-03-24T12:19:03+00:00

What would cause a battery or battery pack not to take a charge?

  • Zero voltage battery or zero voltage battery in the battery pack;

Lithium ion battery like polymer or 18650 li ion. They are very sensitive on low voltage. Normally, the battery or battery pack come with BMS, it has the function prevent over discharge. However, the bms circuit could be damaged for some reason. And battery cell fully discharged to 0. In this situation. The battery cell could be damaged permanently.

  • Battery pack connection error, internal electronic components, protection circuit abnormal;
  • Charging equipment failure, no output current;
  • External factors cause charging efficiency to be too low (e.g. very low or very high temperature).
battery pack are not charged

What to do when the battery pack does not charge

7.4v icr 18650 lithium ion battery packs

Step 1. Check the connections.
It may seem improbable, but the stability of any power connection is limited by its weakest link. Check the contacts and terminals for dirt, oils, corrosion, excessive wear or anything that can hamper a good, stable connection. This includes the battery contacts with application, in the charger, and on the battery itself.

Step 2. Reseat the battery in the devices.
It seems unlikely, but it happens. Some application require a tight fit with the battery and may seem attached when they are not fully locked in place. Make sure the battery is seated properly and the battery pack locks firmly in place when attaching it.

Step 3. Verify you are using the correct battery charger.
Using the wrong charger can not only prevent your  battery from charging properly, it could damage your equipment. It can also be potentially dangerous.

Step 4. Check to be sure the charger is plugged in and turned on.
Sound silly, doesn’t it? Well, it isn’t really, because it does happen. It’s one of the easiest mistakes to make when charging a fleet of batteries and one of the simplest to resolve.

Step 5. Reseat the  battery in the charger.
Battery seems like it’s connected to the charger when it’s not making contact at all. If it is a drop-in or desktop charger with a pocket or tray, the radio and/or battery may be able to sit in the tray without actually touching the contacts. If it is a plug-in type of charger, the plug may not be fully inserted. Be sure the radio/battery is properly seated or fully connected and the charging indicator light is on.

Step 6. Charge another battery of the same make and model in the charger.
Determine if the issue is really with the battery pack.

Step 7. Swap out the charger.
Sometimes a dead battery is the result of a dead charger.

Step 8. Charge the battery again.
Just to be sure, give it another chance.

Every battery has a limited life span determined by a number of different factors, including but not limited to how and where it is used, how much it is used and under what conditions. There is no set time table before a battery “kicks the bucket”. If your battery has reached its End of Life, it’s time to purchase a new one.

What are the main factors affecting battery cycle life ?2020-03-24T08:05:39+00:00

What are the main factors affecting battery life? 3 things you must know.

There are different reason affecting battery cycle life. Here we peak up some Main reasons to explain. So you can have a better understanding and how to take care of your batteries.

cycle life

Charge the battery:

When selecting a charger, it is best to use a charger with the correct termination charging device (e.g. anti-overcharge, negative voltage differential (-dV) cut-off charging and anti-overheating sensing) to prevent the battery shorten circle-life due to overcharge. In general, slow charging extends battery life more than faster charging. So, we suggest charging a battery with small current go gain longer life cycles.

 Discharge:

The depth of discharge is the main factor affecting battery life cycles, and the higher the depth of discharge, the shorter the battery life. In other words, reducing the depth of discharge can significantly extend the battery life. Because

For this reason, we should avoid over-setting the battery to very low voltages.

  • When the battery is discharged at high temperatures, it shortens the life of the battery.
  • If the design of electronic equipment can not completely stop all current, if the equipment is put on hold for a long time, without removing the battery, its residual current will sometimes cause the battery to be excessively consumed, resulting in excessive discharge of the battery.
  • When a battery with different electrical capacity, chemical structure or different charging levels is mixed, and a battery of different ages and sizes, the battery will also discharge too much, and may even cause anti-polar charging.
LiFePo4 battery cell cycle life

Storage:

If the battery is stored at high temperatures for a long time, it will attenuate its electrode activity and shorten its service life.

48 volt lithium ion battery pack
Can Lead-acid Batteries for Electric Vehicles Be Converted to Lithium Batteries2019-12-30T14:45:58+00:00

As we all know, after the issuance of the new national standards, there are strict regulations on the standards of electric vehicles. If lithium batteries are used instead of lead-acid batteries, it must also be considered that the voltage of the lithium batteries must be the same as that of the original lead-acid batteries. In addition, a special lithium charger must be replaced. Can lead-acid batteries for electric vehicles be replaced by lithium batteries? Listen to Chilong New Energy Engineer!

Lithium VS lead acid

First, the production cost of lithium batteries is high, the production equipment is expensive, the labor cost accounts for about 40% of the production cost, and the price is about three times that of lead-acid batteries. The triple price of lithium batteries brings about low cost performance, fairly smooth feeling, and it is difficult to recycle lithium batteries, and the utilization rate is not high. Due to the small size of lithium batteries, multiple lithium batteries are connected in series during the assembly process, which may lead to the disconnection or welding of a solder joint during transportation and use, which is a common problem in the connection of lithium batteries.

Secondly, the high current discharge characteristic of lithium ion power supply itself is short plate. Considering the frequent start-up of congested roads, the battery life will be greatly shortened. Lithium batteries have potential safety hazards of fire and explosion. Nobody wants to buy a “time bomb” and put it under his body. Especially when consumers do not know the fact that they have purchased some inferior lithium batteries online, the sealing condition of electric vehicles is not very good, and it is easy to cause unsafe contact due to dampness and other reasons. Some people may say that lithium battery technology is developing very fast, there will be no such problem, but no one can guarantee that this problem will not happen.

Thirdly, compared with lead-acid batteries, lithium batteries have the same weight and volume. The capacity of lithium batteries is generally about three times that of lead-acid batteries. However, for electric vehicles as alternative tools, the effect is actually limited, because many lead-acid batteries also greatly improve their endurance, which reduces the gap between lithium batteries and lead-acid batteries.

4. If lithium batteries are used instead of lead-acid batteries, it must also be considered that the voltage of lithium batteries must be the same as that of original lead-acid batteries. In addition, a special lithium charger must be replaced. Of course, there is another problem. If the lithium battery is improperly installed or has quality problems, the controller may burn out, which is one of the reasons why the installation is not recommended.

Fifth, coupled with the promulgation of the new national standards, speed limits of 25 km/h and other provisions, consumers will not be too harsh on the pursuit of electric vehicles, so that consumers spend several times the money to pay, I believe that not many people will be willing. The price of lithium batteries is several times higher than that of lead-acid batteries, reflecting the low price ratio of lithium batteries, which does not meet the standard for ordinary users to choose electric vehicles. Although lithium batteries have the characteristics of light weight, long life and long service life, the effect is not obvious in actual operation. To replace lead-acid batteries with lithium batteries, we must also consider the size of the battery bunker. Generally speaking, lead-acid batteries are larger and lithium batteries are smaller. If you want to replace them, you must take this into account. If the gap after installation is too large, it is easy to cause small shaking inside the battery and reduce its life.

6. Lithium batteries are more stable than lead-acid batteries. If they are exposed to water or improperly treated, they can easily explode. Therefore, this is an important reason why I do not recommend replacing lead-acid batteries with lithium batteries. Another point to note is that lithium batteries are multi-piece structure, as long as there are problems, it will affect the overall quality.

In short, lithium batteries are not conducive to their promotion, regardless of safety or cost. As far as current technology is concerned, lead-acid batteries are still the main ones. Want to replace lead-acid electric cars with lithium batteries? In addition to safety, when implementing the new national standards, modifications may be defined as vehicles exceeding the standards. If you are really interested in lithium batteries, it is recommended to buy lithium trams that meet national standards.

Difference between Power Battery and Energy Storage Battery2019-12-30T14:20:45+00:00

The difference between power batteries and energy storage batteries

The internal resistance of battery power battery with the same capacity is less than that of energy storage battery.

The internal resistance of battery power battery with the same capacity is less than that of energy storage battery.

Power batteries are generally used in devices requiring high current discharge (3C-5C), and energy storage batteries are used in devices requiring low current discharge (generally 0.5-1C range).

Batteries of the same capacity will weigh heavier than energy storage batteries (different design processes).

DLG 18650 3200mah 3.7 volt
charge 1500mah LFP cell 18650

Different prices. The price of power batteries will be more than 1.5 times higher than that of energy storage (according to the different requirements of customers) power batteries and energy storage batteries are defined broadly, which kind do you refer to from the application point of view? Energy storage batteries generally have low current and belong to energy type. Power batteries generally need to discharge 3C. The discharge capacity, discharge curve and platforms can be compared by 3C discharge or 1.5C discharge. The price is expected to be 1.2 times higher than that of the latter for the same specifications.

lifepo4 applications
What is Ternary NCM Lithium Battery2021-02-09T13:01:08+00:00

About NCM ternary lithium battery

Most of the ternary materials are NCM. In general, the term “ternary lithium battery” refers to NCM. The representative manufacturers of NCM abroad are SDI and SKI. Tesla uses NCA18650, which has relatively strong stability and cyclic performance. However, in the manufacturing process, because Al is amphoteric metal, it is not easy to precipitate, so there is a threshold in the process. Because the content of aluminium in NCA is too small, it is often called binary material.

The NCM product model of ternary materials ranges from 111 ternary (N:C:M=1:1:1) to 433,532,622,811. With the increase of nickel content, the energy density of the battery was increased accordingly.

lithium polymer battery inside

Lithium batteries refer to a wide range of large categories, all used in lithium materials can be called lithium batteries. According to the scientific name, we usually say that lithium batteries should be called lithium ion batteries/lithium secondary batteries, with corresponding negative electrode materials.

The cathode materials of lithium ion batteries are mainly LiCoO 2, LiMnO 4, LiCox NiyMnzO 2, ternary materials and LiFePO4. The cathode uses ternary materials called ternary lithium batteries.

The main advantage of ternary lithium battery is that its energy density is higher than that of other materials.

The cathode materials of ternary lithium batteries are divided into NCA nickel cobalt aluminium and NCM nickel cobalt manganese.

lipo battery structure
How to match cells for a battery pack before assembling the pack2021-02-09T13:04:14+00:00

What does Coremax do to match the cells?

Coremax will do the following things before assembling the pack:

  •  Select capacity, same capacities cells for one pack
  •  Measure the voltage, same voltage cells for one pack(difference is under 0.02v per cell)
  •  Check and Measure the internal resistance, same IR cells for one pack (difference is under 1m Ohm)

All above steps are very strict to make sure the pack performance is perfect.

what is lithium iron phosphate battery2019-11-22T14:33:55+00:00

What is a lithium iron phosphate battery?

lithium iron phosphate battery is also a rechargeable type of battery but made with lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) as the cathode material.

While lithium-iron is a newer version in the lithium battery family, its anodes are also made up of carbon in batteries.

Phosphate based technology possesses superior thermal and chemical stability which provides better safety characteristics than those of Lithium-ion technology made with other cathode materials. Lithium phosphate cells are incombustible in the event of mishandling during charge or discharge, they are more stable under overcharge or short circuit conditions and they can withstand high temperatures without decomposing. When abuse does occur, the phosphate based cathode material will not burn and is not prone to thermal runaway. Phosphate chemistry also offers a longer cycle life.

byd lithium iron phosphate battery

lithium iron phosphate battery

The lithium-iron (LiFePo4) battery has a slight edge over the Li-ion (LiCoO2) battery for safety. This is important because a battery should not get overheated or catch fire in case of overcharging.

The lithium-iron battery has superior chemical and thermal stability. A Lithium-iron battery remains cool at room temperature while the Li-ion may suffer thermal runaway and heats up faster under similar charging conditions.

LiFePO4 is a nontoxic material, but LiCoO2 is hazardous in nature, so is not considered a safe material. Disposal of Li-ion battery is a big concern for the manufacturer and user. .

100ah lithium iron phosphate battery
How to make a 12 volt rechargeable lithium battery pack2019-11-20T06:31:35+00:00

Make a 12 volt rechargeable lithium battery pack

Rechargeable lithium batteries produce 3.7 or 3.2 volts, depending on the type of battery and the chemicals it uses. To make batteries with higher voltages, manufacturers link identical batteries in a series circuit. In this way the voltages of the individual batteries are added together, so three 3.7-volt battery cells become one 12-volt battery (3.7x 3 = 11.1 volt). You can use the same electrical technique to create your own battery packs at home. Doing so requires basic math and no electronic skills.

Select the type of batteries from which to create a 12 volt rechargeable lithium battery pack. You might consider their size, shape or amp/hour capacity to be important, or you may just choose the batteries readily available where you live. It is important to use identical batteries in your pack. They must all have the same voltage and current characteristics.

Calculate how many batteries you need by dividing 12 by the voltage of the batteries.

Link together the batteries, connecting the positive terminal of the first battery to the negative terminal of the second. Link all the batteries in the same way, always joining opposite polarity terminals. You can stack cylindrical batteries, such as the A, C and D series batteries, on top of each other in a plastic or cardboard tube, or wrap them together in sticking tape. When using larger batteries with spring terminals, such as rectangular 6-volt batteries, join them with short lengths of wire.

Run a wire from the unused terminals at each end of the line of batteries. The voltage between the two wires is 12 volts.

If you want DIY for fan, Welcome to discuss and get help from Coremax Technical team. If you are looking for a professional 12 volt rechargeable lithium battery pack, please send business inquiry to Coremax. We are glad to offer all in one solution for you.

custom li ion battery pack
IFR32650 solar light batteries
how to charge a 12 volt lithium battery2021-04-19T16:41:08+00:00

How to charge a 12 volt lithium ion battery

First check what kind of lithium battery you have. There are major 2 type of lithium battery in the market. 3.7v cell and 3.2v cell. And find out the full charge voltage. If the cell is 3.7v. Nomally full charge voltage is 12.6v( 3S lithium ion battery. when fully charged, each cell 4.2 volt). While if it is 3.2v cell. When it fully charged, the voltage is 3.65 volt. 12 volt lithium battery pack fully charged is 14.6 volt.( 4S 3.2 v cell). Make sure your charger voltage is compatable with the 12v lithium battery.

Please note that not all Li-ion batteries charge to the voltage threshold of 4.20V/cell. Lithium iron phosphate typically charges to the cut-off voltage of 3.65V/cell and lithium-titanate to 2.85V/cell. Some Energy Cells may accept 4.30V/cell and higher. It is important to observe these voltage limits.

18650 top button protection circut
3.2v 310Ah large capacity

Important to Lithium battery chargers

Lithium cells (18650, lipos, LiFePo4 etc.) which require the charging cycle CC-CV (constant current, constant voltage). The battery system may work for other types for batteries as well, as long as they wants to be charged with CCCV.

CC-CV varies the voltage to constantly deliver the current set by you. When the voltage reaches the battery’s maximum charge voltage, the current is gradually decreased so that the voltage does not exceed the set value.

3.2 volt solar batteries 16850

3.2v LiFePo4 cells

sony 21700

3.7v Lithium ion cells

Lithium battery Charger guide List

Nominal Voltage Battery type series Charging voltage
12v 3.7v lithium ion 3 12.6v
3.2v LiFePo4 4 14.6v
24v 3.7v lithium ion 7 29.4v
3.2v LiFePo4 8 29.2v
36v 3.7v lithium ion 10 42v
3.7v lithium ion 11 46.2v
3.2v LiFePo4 11 40.15v
3.2v LiFePo4 12 43.8v
48v 3.7v lithium ion 13 54.6v
3.7v lithium ion 14 58.8v
3.2v LiFePo4 15 54.8v
3.2v LiFePo4 16 58.4v
60v 3.7v lithium ion 17 71.4v
3.2v LiFePo4 20 73v
72v 3.7v lithium ion 20 84v
3.2v LiFePo4 24 87.6v

Certification:

Our prismatic cells already pass UL, MSDS, UN38.3, CE. These certification are available without ask customer to pay additional certification cost.

Shipping of Lithium Batteries:

Since our battery cells all passes MSDS, UN38.3 . And also we We can hold shipping documents.Ship our batteries by Air flight or by sea all is acceptable.

 

Warranty:

We provide 8 years for our batteries cells. 5 years for our battery packs. The warranty is only available for professional customer’s. Custom who without lithium battery knowledge and abuse with the batteries will be limited on warranty period.

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